The Evolution of Transportation

People and things have always had the need to move or be moved from one place to another. People have always looked for more comfortable or quicker ways to travel. Transportation is a way people and things move from one place to another. Different environments require different methods of transportation.

People have invented machines, called vehicles or crafts, to travel. Some vehicles travel on the ground, like a train. Some vehicles travel on top of the water, like a jet ski. Some even help people to travel under the water, like a submarine. People use other types of crafts to travel in the air. A hot air balloon is an interesting way to travel through the sky.

Crafts such as rockets can help people to travel into space. Over the centuries, inventors designed machines or improved ways of traveling to move people faster and faster.

Ships and Boats

One of the earliest ways to transport people and things was by traveling in the water. Boats are small crafts generally used for a special purpose like fishing. Ships are larger crafts that might use sails or an engine to propel them through the water. They may travel on rivers, lakes, or oceans.

Boats With Paddles

People use flat wooden boards called paddles to row small boats. An oar is another name for a paddle. A raft is a simple boat with a flat bottom. We can make a raft using tree trunks or logs. Sometimes, flat pieces of wood called planks are bound together to make a raft. Some rafts are made of rubber or a plastic called vinyl. These rafts are often inflatable.

Early Native Americans made canoes out of tree trunks. They hollowed out the trunk and used a paddle to move from place to place. Today, an artificial substance, made by man, called fiberglass is a popular material for building a canoe.

A kayak is a sleeker version of a canoe with one or two small holes. The holes are where people sit. A rider may attach a watertight skin or enclosure to prevent water from getting in the boat. The boat can turn all the way over without sinking. Some people compete in kayak races. The Olympics have had a kayak event since 1936.

Boats With Sails or Motors

Other boats and ships use different types of power. A sailboat uses pieces of canvas or other fabrics called sails, which are filled by the wind fills and pushes the boat forward.

Ancient Egyptians used sailboats to move the stones for the Great Pyramids from Aswan to Giza. Pilgrims traveled from England on a large sailboat called the Mayflower to reach America in 1620.

A motorboat uses an electric motor and propellers. Propellers are turning metal blades that help the vessel to move through the water. A speedboat is a small, but very fast motorboat. Speedboats pull water skiers, help the Coast Guard or marine patrol on rescue missions, or might even compete in a race.

Larger Boats and Ships

Most large ships are made of metals like iron or steel. They use giant propellers powered by engines to move through the water. A steamboat is a large boat with paddles. A steam-powered engine turns the paddles to move the boat.

The biggest ships are tankers and aircraft carriers. Oil tankers can carry millions of barrels of oil inside huge cargo areas. Designers built tankers to travel long distances and other than oil, they may transport water, chemicals, or liquefied natural gas.

Aircraft carriers are long, flat warships designed to act as a floating airbase. Planes take off and land on the runways on the top of the ship.

A submarine is a metal ship that can travel underwater. A submarine can be small enough to carry one or two people and remain underwater for a few hours. They can also be very large, have a crew of over eighty people and remain underwater for a few months.

Trains

A train is a vehicle that runs on tracks, or rails. Passenger trains may have many compartments for people to travel from one place to another. Freight trains carry cargo, or things. Different cars transport different types of items.

Refrigerator cars transport food. Container cars need a crane to lift cargo in or out of the car. Tanker cars transport different types of liquids.

Light Rail

People sometimes use the term light rail to talk about trains that run on city streets. A trolley, also called a streetcar, is one type of light rail transportation. The first streetcars were pulled by horses or even people. Modern streetcars usually get their power from electricity. Electricity makes things run.

A subway is a light rail system of cars. A subway runs on the street and in underground tunnels. Many large cities have a network of subway tunnels.

Big Trains

Big trains have wheels that run on railroad tracks. They travel long distances between cities and towns. The first car on a train is the locomotive. The locomotive powers the train. The first trains used steams engines. Today, most trains get power from using gasoline or electricity. High-speed rail trains are electric trains that run faster than a regular train, sometimes called a bullet train. These high speed rail systems also transport people in Germany, Korea, and Spain. The first countries to build and use the bullet train are the countries of France and Japan.

The monorail is another type of train. Most monorail systems run on a single rail. Some monorails are suspended. The train cars actually hang from the track.

Motor Vehicles

People drive and are passengers in motor vehicles in most places of the world. Motor vehicles have wheels and a motor. They can be driven on many different land surfaces. Cars, buses, and trucks allow people and things to travel to certain places. They can travel where boats and trains cannot go.

Cars

Cars are vehicles used by people to get from one place to another. Combustion engines are often the power source for cars. This type of engine burns gasoline or diesel fuel to run. Some people are concerned that combustion engines are contributing to pollution in the air.

Inventors are developing other types of power systems to make cars run. Electric cars have electric motors that run on batteries. Some cars use hydrogen to provide power. A hybrid car uses a combustion engine and battery power to make the car work.

Cars vary in their size. A limousine is a long car, which has space for many passengers and has a chauffeur to drive the vehicle. A micro-car, also called a bubble car, is very popular in countries outside of the United States. Auto makers designed the microcar to use less gas. It is also economical because a small amount of material is necessary to build the car.

Some people like to drive a sports car. The fastest cars are race cars. Some cars have special features, like convertible, which have a fabric or hard top that folds back.

Buses

Buses are bigger than cars. A bus has a long body with several rows of seats or benches for passengers. Buses usually operate on a schedule. A passenger bus can carry people long distances. They travel between different cities and towns. A tour bus carries tourists or people on vacation. Some people charter, or rent, a bus for special purposes.

Trucks

Vehicle engineers designed trucks to carry materials of all kinds. Pickup trucks are a bit bigger than cars. They have a flat bed behind the passenger compartment. They can carry many things in the flat bed. Large trucks transport different kinds of heavier materials or equipment. They carry things to places where trains and boats cannot travel. An 18-wheeler is a very big truck. It has 18 separate wheels.

Aircraft

Hot Air Balloons, Blimps and Dirigibles

Aircraft are vehicles or machines that let people travel through the air. The first type of air transportation was the hot air balloon. It is the oldest successful human carrying technology for flight. It floats using a large bag of silk or nylon filled with heated air. People travel in a wicker basket called a gondola, that hangs underneath.

A blimp or dirigible is like a balloon. The gas helium fills up the balloon to help it float. It has a motor to push it forward. This type of craft was very popular before 1940.

As technology for airplanes improved, people stopped using blimps to travel. Today, advertisers use blimps to market their products. Some companies offer sightseeing tours in a blimp.

Airplanes, Gliders, Helicopters

An airplane is an aircraft that flies using wings and an engine. The Wright brothers receive credit for the invention of the first airplane in 1903. Airplanes can be small and carry only one or two people. Commercial airplanes can be large and carry many passengers a long distance in a short amount of time. A motor makes the propellers turn. Most larger airplanes have jet engines. This type of engine has many turning blades inside. They move air much faster than ordinary propellers.

Jet airplanes use turbines to make them move faster. The military uses supersonic aircraft, such as fighters or bombers, to move quickly with a great amount of power. A fighter jet is a small military airplane that can go very fast. The Concorde is one of the only supersonic planes used as a commercial airplane. It carried passengers from Europe to America in less than half the time it took for a regular airplane to fly the same distance. The Concorde was very expensive to fly. Due to rising costs, the Concorde was retired from use. The last Concorde flight was on October 24, 2003.

A helicopter is an aircraft with a large propeller on top. It can rise into the air, or take off, straight up. A helicopter can take off without using a runway.

A glider has a similar shape to an airplane. It uses only the wind for power. The military may use gliders to deliver troops. Gliders are very quiet because they don’t have an engine. Some people participate in glider competitions.

Rockets

A rocket is a vehicle that travels into the air at a very high speed. It burns fuel to make thrust. Thrust pushes, or propels, the rocket upward. A rocket engine ejects the thrust out of the bottom of the rocket. A lot of energy is required to propel a rocket into space. Energy is necessary to make things happen. Astronauts and cosmonauts are people who travel into space using rockets. Rockets also transport the satellites into their destination orbit. Satellites study the Earth and other objects in the universe.

Rocket Design and Travel

Multiple sections or stages make up the design of most rockets. Each stage contains its own fuel supply and rocket engine.

When its fuel is used up, a rocket is released. This lightens the weight of the rocket. It allows it to travel faster. A rocket needs to travel at least 17,700 miles per hour, (28,500 kilometers) to make it out of the atmosphere into space, which is the so-called “escape velocity”. The part of the rocket that actually reaches space is often called a spacecraft.

Booster rockets

Some rockets get extra thrust from booster rockets. The scientists usually attach the boosters to the side of the main rocket. The space shuttle is both a rocket and an airplane. It releases two booster rockets. As the rocket uses up its fuel, it will also release an external fuel tank. The space shuttle lands like an airplane when it returns to Earth.

The Advantages of Travelling With a Bus Over Taking the Flight

Bus travel could be perfect for your trip if you want to save some money. It may take longer time to get to the place you are going to, but it is definitely cheaper than travelling alone with your car or taking the flight. Some people may find the plane for the most convenient transport because it is the fastest transport. But many people are afraid to take the plane. Although it is supposed to be one of the safest transports on earth. It is true that 50 percent of the people are afraid to travel with plane. Maybe the reason for that are the horror movies or the real horror accidents that have happened. Maybe it is something else – a man is supposed to walk on solid ground and when he/she is up in the air, he or she feels less secure. This is a problem that many find funny but the panic attacks could be definitely terrifying. If you want to travel with a plane, you should book a ticket long before the travel because the price of the ticket is increasing any minute and you should buy it a month before the travel or you should buy it in the last minute to make it cheaper. But you see that this could be very dangerous especially if you buy it long before the travel. And if something happens to you, you got sick or something else, your money is gone and you will search at the last minute for other solution.

The things are not the same with the bus travel. If you choose the bus travel for your excursion it may take you a few more hours than travelling with a plane, but you will be calm and you will probably see more things rather than if you decide to travel with a plane. Also the bus has many other advantages over the plane as a transport. The bus can stop everywhere if you ask the bus driver and tell him/her that something is wrong and you need a few minutes break. It is understandable especially if you are pregnant or travelling with children. Children can be unruly and it is very difficult to make a child sit on a seat for hours without moving or doing something else. Also it is difficult for children to travel with any kind of transport. So if your child feels sick, you can ask the driver to stop for a minute rest and take some deep breaths. This is the perfect transport to travel with your group of nice friends. You can even take a charter bus and this could be a great thing because all the new buses are highly equipped with DVD, television, air conditioner, WC and different travel bus companies offer different services. Just have your seat, relax and let someone else do the driving. Bring with you some playing cards, music or an interesting movie (a comedy is probably the best choice here, but you know your friends better than us), and enjoy your ride.

Group Transportation Services

When traveling in a large group, it is always better to book your transportation in advance. Booking your group transportation allows you to avoid inconvenience later and you are able to get the best vehicle easily. It would save you from delays and would help you to travel conveniently. Make sure that you choose good companies for the airport transportation as they have efficient staff and well maintained cars.

Are you traveling to another city in a group? If so then you may need to travel together and would therefore require group transportation services. Similarly if you are holding a business meet in your own city and are inviting executives from other cities then you need to provide them with comfortable and luxury ground transportation services so that they may be able to commute easily.

Traveling in a group requires careful planning and you need to make sure that everything is well organized. So whether you are traveling in a group or are inviting other people, it is always best to book your transport in advance. With group transport services, you can make sure that your transport is available to you on time every time. There are many companies which provide with such services and you can contact them to get the same.

Hiring a good company for the group airport transport services and for local transport facility is always better. Such companies make sure that the vehicle you get is well maintained and is comfortable. Many of the good companies also provide with luxury cars like limo which are impressive, luxurious and comfortable. You can hire these cars and can impress your business clients easily.

When traveling in group, it is best to choose your ground transportation services in advance as it saves you from waiting unnecessarily and saves your time. If your group is traveling to another city then a group booking would allow you to get your Airport transportation ready at the airport. Your group need not worry about waiting for cabs and can travel comfortably. Another benefit of booking your group transportation services in advance is that it makes it possible for you to select your vehicle and choose the one that is comfortable and suitable for your group.

Booking or hiring such ground transportation services from a good company also makes sure that the vehicle you get is well maintained and efficient. It is the best way to plan your transportation and travel in comfort.

Understanding Different Types of Travel Insurance

When preparing for a trip abroad, it’s important to consider getting appropriate cover to protect the value of your items and any unexpected medical costs. There are many types, however – single trip travel insurance, cover for business travellers, and many more – and knowing which policy is best for you can help to save you money. It can also help you avoid any complications from booking the wrong cover should you need to make a claim during or after your trip.

Whether you’re wanting to book coverage for multiple trips or a single trip, travel insurance has become easier to find and many companies offer free quotations and booking online. This article lists a few of the different kinds of cover out there, in order to help you decide which one might work best for you.

Single Trip Travel Insurance

Single trip travel insurance is perfect if you don’t go on holiday overseas more than once a year, and will cover the specific set of dates and places. This is the most cost effective way to make sure that you and your belongings are going to be covered for your annual overseas trip. This is a one-off investment that can usually be booked completely online, making it cheaper than going into high street travel agencies. Oftentimes you can find cover of this kind for less than £10 for shorter trips.

Annual Multi Trip Cover

If you think that you might be travelling overseas more than once in a year, your best bet might be an annual multi trip travel policy; it can cover you all year long for a specific geographical zone, with many plans covering all trips to EU, USA and Canada. If you’re planning on travelling outside of Europe and North America, you might want to check with your provider to make sure that the country is included in your policy.

Annual Business Cover

If you’re a frequent traveller for business you can often get a better deal than if you’re travelling primarily for leisure. These policies will often also include cover for lost documents that need replacement (including priority shipping), damaged equipment, and might even cover the cost of travel (transportation and accommodation) should you or a colleague fall ill and be unable to take the trip.

War Risk and Travel Hazard Areas

Frequently, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) updates a list of countries or regions that have recently been affected by war or that are currently experiencing war related disruptions. Many companies will not cover travels to these countries during their inclusion on the FCO list, so if you suspect this affects the country you’re travelling to, it’s best to check it out to make sure before you go, so you don’t have any surprises if you have to make a claim.

Patrick Chong is the Managing Director of Insuremore. We provide low cost travel insurance and offer a range of policies including single trip travel insurance, annual, multi-trip and family cover. For all your travel cover needs, Insuremore can help you in the quickest and most cost-efficient way.

Tips For Your Next Car Rental

There are a lot of reasons to rent a vehicle. For whatever reason you decide to get a car rental, there are a wide range of things that you can do to save money and have a better experience. Everyone wants to save money and these some tips to doing that.

If you walk away from the experience feeling like you had the best deal, you probably will be walking away feeling like your rental car experience was good. One of the most essential things that you can do to save money and get the best deal is to make your reservation online. Rental car and rental truck rates online are typically much lower than renting over the phone or at the front counter at the rental company.

Additionally, rental rates on weekdays are oftentimes much lower than weekends. Even if you start your rental on a weekday and roll into a weekend, the daily rate is usually cheaper than if you had started on a weekend. Furthermore, renting for longer periods of times usually results in lower daily rates. It is not uncommon for the total cost of a seven day rental to be lower than the overall cost of a four or five day car rental.

The size of the vehicle has significant influence on the rental price. Downgrading from that wanted luxury or sports model will not only drastically cut the rental costs but also save you in fuel. When getting a rental truck, be sure to get the size that you need. A small truck may be cheaper to rent, but making multiple trips will cost you in mileage or fuel. A truck that is too large will cost more for space not used. Be sure that you properly estimate the truck size that best suits your needs.

One way rentals can have substantially high fees and charges, so avoid them if you can. If not, determine whether the fees are worth it for you or if there are alternative methods. Regardless of which car rental station you decide to return the rental car, be sure that you return it with a full tank of fuel within a few miles or kilometers of the rental station. If you do not, the car rental station will charge you their fill up rate, which oftentimes is exponentially higher than if you had done it on your own.

Before you depart the rental station when picking up a rental car, make sure that all damage is accounted for on the rental agreement. If you leave with undocumented damage, they may hold you responsible for repairs when you return the vehicle to the rental car company. In the same token, make sure the gas tank is full when you leave because once you depart, you are responsible for filling up the fuel tank, even if you did no use the fuel.

Completely review your rental contract before leaving. Some companies have mileage limitations or other limits to where you can or cannot drive. Be familiar with everything in the contract. If you need extra mileage, you may be able to purchase mileage for a lower rate than if you had returned it with excessive mileage.

Be sure to get the insurance coverage that suits you. Some private insurance companies offer coverage to rental cars and rental trucks, but they may have different policies, deductibles, or other stipulations. All rental companies offer their own insurance policies which usually are free of a deductible and have little hassle in case of an accident.

Overall, you can do many things to decrease costs of a car rental. Usually saving money will increase your enjoyment of renting a vehicle, so following some of these simple tips may maximize the pleasure of your rental.

Offers a wide range of truck rental and car rental Halifax options from small size cars to full size trucks. car rental company also offers Free Customer Pick-up and Drop-off resonates with locations from coast to coast.